St. Alphonsus Liguori, Bishop and Doctor of the Church


St. Alphonsus Liguori was an Italian Catholic bishop, theologian, and the founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, popularly known as the Redemptorists. He was born on September 27, 1696, in Marianella, near Naples, Italy.

Liguori studied law and worked as a successful lawyer before entering the priesthood. In 1726, he was ordained and committed himself to aiding the destitute and abandoned. He was well-known for his preaching, which focused on God's kindness and the value of leading a moral life.

St. Alphonsus Liguori was a prolific writer who wrote various spiritual writings. His most renowned work, "The Glories of Mary," demonstrates his great love to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Another significant work is his moral theology book, "Theologia Moralis," which was influential in defining Catholic moral teaching.

In 1732, he established the Redemptorists, a Catholic order dedicated to preaching missions to the impoverished and destitute. St. Alphonsus Liguori committed himself to the training and spiritual direction of the Redemptorists, emphasizing the value of humility, simplicity, and pastoral care.

St. Alphonsus Liguori, known for his piety and learning, was chosen bishop of Sant'Agata dei Goti in 1762. As a bishop, he worked tirelessly to reform and develop the diocese's spiritual life. Due to health issues, he resigned as bishop in 1775, but remained engaged in writing and teaching until his death.

Pope Gregory XVI canonized St. Alphonsus Liguori as a saint in 1839. He is the patron saint of moral theologians, confessors, and lay apostolates. His works continue to inspire and encourage Catholics across the world, and his life is an example of devotion to God and compassionate service to others.

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